Posts Tagged ‘Christianity’

Was Jesus crucified on a Wednesday?

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WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED ON A WEDNESDAY?©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

Some people claim that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday.  Let us anaylze if this is true.  Let us list down the criteria we will use based on the Holy Bible (1-4) and on tradition which are logical (5-7):
1.  Day after crucifixion was a high day and a Sabbath (John 19:31).
2.  Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:39-41).
3.  The tomb was discovered empty on the first day of the week (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1).
4.  Mary Magdalene et al. bought sweet spices for the anointing of Jesus after a Sabbath (Mark 16:1).
5.  Shops were closed on a Sabbath day.
6.  On the day before a Sabbath called Preparation Day, shops were open only in the morning.  In the afternoon, the Jews prepare for the Sabbath that would start when the sun has set.
7.  In winter, shops were open from sunrise to sunset.  However, in summer when it is hot in the afternoon, shops were open from sunrise to noon, and from about 3 to 4pm until about 30 minutes to one hour after the sun has set.

Presently, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is observed on a Friday, called Good Friday, and His tomb was found empty on Sunday morning, called Easter.  This is not correct based on an analysis at http://aristean.org/wp091.htm titled “Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?”

A Jewish day starts at sunset and ends at sunset the next day.

If Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday, the first night and first day that Jesus was in the tomb would be Thursday; second night and second day would be Friday, and third night and third day would be Saturday.  The fourth day when the tomb was discovered empty would be Sunday.

When Jesus was crucified, it was Preparation Day for next day’s high Sabbath Day (criterion 1).  The next day was a Sabbath Day, a high day, and the shops were closed.  If Jesus was crucified on Nisan 14, was Nisan 15 a Thursday?  Nisan 15 was supposed to be the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which is a high day.  In what years was Nisan 15 a Thursday?  Let us see what Nisan 15 was from AD 30 to AD 36 using the calendar converter at http://www.hebrewcalendar.net/htdocs/main.en.html .  Nisan 15, 3790 AM is equal to April 3, 30 AD which was a Thursday; Nisan 15, 3791 AM, March 24, 31 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3792 AM, April 12, 32 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3793 AM, April 1, 33 AD, Saturday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, March 20, 34 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, April 9, 35 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3796 AM, March 28, 36 AD, Saturday.  The year when Nisan 15 was Thursday was on 30 AD.  So was Jesus crucified on Nisan 14, 3790 AM orApril 3, 30 AD?  So far, so good.  We will see if other criteria are met.

BTW, AM is the Latin abbreviation for anno mundi or in the year of the world, in the Jewish calendar.  AD is the Latin abbreviation for anno Domini or in the year of our Lord, in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

If Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday, the shops were open in the morning only of the second day (Friday) in preparation for next day’s regular weekly Saturday Sabbath.  Mary Magdalene et al. could have bought the sweet spices on Friday morning when the shops had opened.  After buying the sweet spices, they could have proceeded to the tomb to anoint Jesus.  Why then did the disciples of Jesus had to wait until Sunday, the fourth day, to go very early to the tomb?  As Martha, the sister of Lazarus, told Jesus when He asked to take away the stone covering the grave of his brother in John 11:39, “Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.” 

But this going to the tomb is only the second day.  Criterion 2 says that Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights.  Could they have discovered that Jesus was still there?  Is Friday the first day of the week?  Based on these,  Jesus could not had been crucified on a Wednesday. 

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Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?

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WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED ON A FRIDAY?©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

Presently, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is observed on a Friday, called Good Friday, and His tomb was found empty on Sunday morning, called Easter.  Are these correct?

To check whether Jesus was crucified on a Friday or not, let us list down the criteria we will use based on the Holy Bible (1-4) and on tradition which are logical (5-7):
1.  Day after crucifixion was a high day and a Sabbath (John 19:31).
2.  Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:39-41).
3.  The tomb was discovered empty on the first day of the week (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1).
4.  Mary Magdalene et al. bought sweet spices for the anointing of Jesus after a Sabbath (Mark 16:1).
5.  Shops were closed on a Sabbath day.
6.  On the day before a Sabbath called Preparation Day, shops were open only in the morning.  In the afternoon, the Jews prepare for the Sabbath that would start when the sun has set.
7.  In winter, shops were open from sunrise to sunset.  However, in summer when it is hot in the afternoon, shops were open from sunrise to noon, and from about 3 to 4pm until about 30 minutes to one hour after the sun has set.

A Jewish day starts at sunset and ends at sunset the next day.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the first night and first day that Jesus was in the tomb would be Saturday; second night and second day would be Sunday, and third night and third day would be Monday.  But a Friday crucifixion and Sunday discovery of empty tomb would only be two nights and one day (Saturday night and Saturday day, and Sunday night).  A Friday crucifixion already fails based on criterion 2.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, it was Preparation Day for next day Sabbath Day.  The next day was the regular weekly Saturday Sabbath Day, and the shops were closed.  But was this Sabbath a high day?  If Jesus was crucified on Nisan 14, was Nisan 15 a Saturday?  Nisan 15 was supposed to be the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which is a high day.  What year was Nisan 15?  Let us see what Nisan 15 was from AD 30 to AD 36 using the calendar converter at http://www.hebrewcalendar.net/htdocs/main.en.html .  Nisan 15, 3790 AM is equal to April 3, 30 AD which was a Thursday; Nisan 15, 3791 AM, March 24, 31 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3792 AM, April 12, 32 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3793 AM, April 1, 33 AD, Saturday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, March 20, 34 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, April 9, 35 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3796 AM, March 28, 36 AD, Saturday.  The years when Nisan 15 was Saturday were on 33 AD and 36 AD.  AM is the Latin abbreviation for anno mundi or in the year of the world, in the Jewish calendar.  AD is the Latin abbreviation for anno Domini or in the year of our Lord, in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the fourth day when the tomb was discovered empty would be Tuesday.  Is Tuesday the first day of the week?  No, it is neither in the Jewish calendar nor in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.  Hence, based on criterion 3, a Friday crucifixion fails.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the shops were open on the second day (Sunday) and third day (Monday).  Criterion 4 is met because Sunday is after the Sabbath and is the first day of the week in the Jewish calendar and Mary Magdalene et al. could have bought the sweet spices.  After buying the sweet spices, they could have proceeded to the tomb to anoint Jesus.  Why then did the disciples of Jesus had to wait until Tuesday, the fourth day, to go very early to the tomb?  As Martha, the sister of Lazarus, told Jesus when He asked to take away the stone covering the grave of his brother in John 11:39, “Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.”  Since Sunday is just the second day, this fails based on criterion 2.

The third day, Monday, fails because Sunday was not a Sabbath Day based on criterion 4.  Another is that Monday is not the first day of the week to the Jews (criterion 3).

The verdict:  the argument that Jesus was crucified on a Friday fails.

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Jesus nailed through the palm

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JESUS NAILED THROUGH THE PALM©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

When Jesus Christ was nailed on the cross, the nails were driven through His palm and not through the wrist.  This was revealed by the Holy Spirit.

The bones of the forearm from the elbow to the wrist are the radius and ulna.  We usually call this area at the end of these bones as the wrist where the wristwatch is usually placed, and the pulse is taken.  Jesus was not nailed to the cross in this area. 

From Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, the carpus is the “wrist or the part of the forelimb between the antebrachium [the part of the arm or forelimb between the brachium and the carpus: forearm] and the metacarpus”.  It is “the group of bones which contains the navicular, lunatum, triquetrum, and pisiform [first row of bones] that articulate with the radius and a distal row which contains the trapezium [greater multagumum], trapezoid [lesser multangulum], capitatum and hamatum [second row of bones] that articulate with the metacarpals”. 

Between these rows of eight bones is the “Tunnel of Destot”.  It is through this tunnel that the nail was driven through.

The same dictionary defines the palm as “the somewhat concave part of the human hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist upon which the fingers close when flexed”.

Several listeners were fortunate to be allowed to feel where the nail was driven through.  Even though I requested one time, I was refused.  The Holy Spirit has reasons to deny my request.

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Two nails for the feet of Jesus

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TWO NAILS FOR THE FEET OF JESUS©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

There were three people who were crucified—the two thieves and Jesus Christ.  Jesus was at the center.  To His right was Dimas, the thief who said to Jesus, ‘Lord, remember me when thou comest  into thy kingdom’ (Luke 23:42).  To His left was Hestas, the thief who said, ‘If thou be Christ, save thyself and us’ (Luke 23:39).

Three nails were used to each of Dimas and Hestas—two for the palms and one for the feet.  Dimas’ feet were nailed with his right foot over his left foot to face the center.  Hestas’ feet were nailed with his left foot over his right foot, also to face the center.

Four nails were used in Jesus—one nail for each palm, and one nail for each foot, He being in the center.

This revelation of the Holy Spirit will correct the portrayal of the crucifixion of Jesus on crucifixes that only one nail was used to nail His feet on the cross.   

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The truth about Judas’ suicide

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THE TRUTH ABOUT JUDAS’ SUICIDE©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

The Holy Bible states the attempt of Judas Iscariot to commit suicide in his deep remorse for his betrayal of his master, Jesus. 

Matthew 27:5 (King James Version) states, ‘And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.’  Acts 1:18 states, ‘Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.’ 

The Holy Spirit revealed to us that Judas was not successful in his attempt because Jesus thwarted it.  Why?  Because Jesus promised His twelve apostles that they will sit in the throne of Heaven and their number will not be decreased.  Judas only did his role so that what is written in the scripture would be fulfilled.

How did Jesus save Judas?  A bolt of lightning struck the rope and he fell ‘headlong’.   Another bolt of lightning struck him as he fell and ‘he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.’ 

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Nicodemus owned the sepulcher, not Joseph of Arimathea

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NICODEMUS OWNED THE SEPULCHER,
NOT JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

A sepulcher is defined by Webster’s Third New International Dictionary as ‘a place for the interment of a dead body: grave, tomb’.  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia states under ‘cemetery’ that ‘in ancient times, the cemetery usually consisted of a series of vaults in natural caves, royalty having burial places separate from those of the ordinary people’.  The sepulcher where Jesus was buried is stated in John 19:41, to wit: ‘Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulcher, wherein was never man yet laid.’  The sepulcher where Jesus was laid was hewn out of the rock and a stone was rolled to the door of the sepulcher. 

Who were present when Jesus was buried?  According to the Holy Spirit we talk to, there were seven people present.  They were:

  1. Mary, the mother of Jesus (John 19:25, 26)
  2. John, the second cousin of Jesus and His beloved disciple (John 19:27)
  3. Joseph of Arimathea (Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-53; John 19:38)
  4. Nicodemus (John 19:39)
  5. Mary Magdalene (Matthew 27:56, 61; Mark 15:40, 47; John 19:25)
  6. Mary, the mother of James the less and of Joses (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40, 47)
  7. Mary, the Samaritan woman, the other Mary (Matthew 27:61)

The apostles of Jesus were not present because they could not bear to see the suffering of their Master.

According to the Holy Spirit, Mary was a common name then.  He told us that the name of the Samaritan woman was Mary.  She is one of the women who ‘followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him’.  (Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:41; Luke 23:49)

Nicodemus “brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound weight’. (John 19:39)  It was a costly offering.

Matthew 27:60 says that Joseph of Arimathea own the tomb but he was not.  The Holy Spirit told us that Nicodemus owned the tomb.  It is logical to believe the Holy Spirit because Nicodemus was from Jerusalem.  He was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin.  He was a rich person to offer such a costly offering and could afford to buy such a sepulcher. 

Joseph was not residing in Jerusalem but in Arimathea so he won’t be buying a sepulcher there.  Arimathea is generally considered to be the modern Rentis, about 35 km NW of Jerusalem or a day’s walk away.  After Jesus was laid, he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulcher, and departed. (Matthew 27:60)

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Days to Passover

DAYS TO PASSOVER©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

The table below shows the events prior to the Jewish Passover as per account in the Holy Bible: 

Days to Passover

Jewish date Proleptic Gregorian Date Day of week Event

Reference

6

Av 8, 3760 July 26, 1 BC Wed Bethany, home of Lazarus John 12:1

5

Av 9, 3760 July 27, 1 BC Thu Triumphant entry to Jerusalem Matt 21:1Mark 11:1

Luke 19:30-38

John 12:12

4

Av 10, 3760 July 28, 1 BC Fri Cursing of fig tree Matt 21:18-22Mark 11:12-14

3

Av 11, 3760 July 29, 1 BC Sat    

2

Av 12, 3760 July 30, 1 BC Sun Discourses of Jesus in Matt 23, 24, 25 Matt 26:2

1

Av 13, 3760 July 31, 1 BC Mon    

0

Av 14, 3760 August 1, 1 BC Tue Passover, arrest of Jesus at the Garden of Gethsemane Matt 26:17Luke 22:7

 

In 1 BC, the Jews were using two types of calendar: a purely lunar calendar wherein the Passover Festival (Pesach) was fixed and a lunisolar calendar wherein New Year’s Day (Rosh Hashana),  Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and Feast of Tabernacle (Succouth) were held. 

The first month of the purely lunar calendar fell in the month of Av in 1 BC.  Hence, the Passover Festival was held from August 1-8, 1 BC or Av 14-22, 3760.

This therefore gives credence to the revelation of the Holy Spirit who we (plural) talk to that Jesus Christ was crucified on August 17 that I first heard in 1983.  I have proven that the revealed date is true and correct in a study I did from 1999 to 2003 wherein I found the year to be 1 BC.  The results of my study can be found at http://aristean.org/crucifyidx.htm

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