Was Jesus crucified on a Wednesday?

WP 090

WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED ON A WEDNESDAY?©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

Some people claim that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday.  Let us anaylze if this is true.  Let us list down the criteria we will use based on the Holy Bible (1-4) and on tradition which are logical (5-7):
1.  Day after crucifixion was a high day and a Sabbath (John 19:31).
2.  Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:39-41).
3.  The tomb was discovered empty on the first day of the week (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1).
4.  Mary Magdalene et al. bought sweet spices for the anointing of Jesus after a Sabbath (Mark 16:1).
5.  Shops were closed on a Sabbath day.
6.  On the day before a Sabbath called Preparation Day, shops were open only in the morning.  In the afternoon, the Jews prepare for the Sabbath that would start when the sun has set.
7.  In winter, shops were open from sunrise to sunset.  However, in summer when it is hot in the afternoon, shops were open from sunrise to noon, and from about 3 to 4pm until about 30 minutes to one hour after the sun has set.

Presently, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is observed on a Friday, called Good Friday, and His tomb was found empty on Sunday morning, called Easter.  This is not correct based on an analysis at http://aristean.org/wp091.htm titled “Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?”

A Jewish day starts at sunset and ends at sunset the next day.

If Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday, the first night and first day that Jesus was in the tomb would be Thursday; second night and second day would be Friday, and third night and third day would be Saturday.  The fourth day when the tomb was discovered empty would be Sunday.

When Jesus was crucified, it was Preparation Day for next day’s high Sabbath Day (criterion 1).  The next day was a Sabbath Day, a high day, and the shops were closed.  If Jesus was crucified on Nisan 14, was Nisan 15 a Thursday?  Nisan 15 was supposed to be the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which is a high day.  In what years was Nisan 15 a Thursday?  Let us see what Nisan 15 was from AD 30 to AD 36 using the calendar converter at http://www.hebrewcalendar.net/htdocs/main.en.html .  Nisan 15, 3790 AM is equal to April 3, 30 AD which was a Thursday; Nisan 15, 3791 AM, March 24, 31 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3792 AM, April 12, 32 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3793 AM, April 1, 33 AD, Saturday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, March 20, 34 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, April 9, 35 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3796 AM, March 28, 36 AD, Saturday.  The year when Nisan 15 was Thursday was on 30 AD.  So was Jesus crucified on Nisan 14, 3790 AM orApril 3, 30 AD?  So far, so good.  We will see if other criteria are met.

BTW, AM is the Latin abbreviation for anno mundi or in the year of the world, in the Jewish calendar.  AD is the Latin abbreviation for anno Domini or in the year of our Lord, in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

If Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday, the shops were open in the morning only of the second day (Friday) in preparation for next day’s regular weekly Saturday Sabbath.  Mary Magdalene et al. could have bought the sweet spices on Friday morning when the shops had opened.  After buying the sweet spices, they could have proceeded to the tomb to anoint Jesus.  Why then did the disciples of Jesus had to wait until Sunday, the fourth day, to go very early to the tomb?  As Martha, the sister of Lazarus, told Jesus when He asked to take away the stone covering the grave of his brother in John 11:39, “Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.” 

But this going to the tomb is only the second day.  Criterion 2 says that Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights.  Could they have discovered that Jesus was still there?  Is Friday the first day of the week?  Based on these,  Jesus could not had been crucified on a Wednesday. 

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15 responses to this post.

  1. Your site is amazing. I am very impressed to see this; i want to come back for visiting your site. Keep doing well as well as you can…
    thanks
    Best Bible Software

    Reply

    • 20121014.1640

      Thank you. Please ask others to visit the site to voice their opinion as well. We have to scrutinize in our search for the truth.

      Reply

  2. Yeshua was crucified on Nisan 14 (preparation day), as our ‘Passover sacrifice’. The year was C.E. 30. It was Wed (as you yourself found out correctly).Next day Nisan 15 was the Great Sabbath (‘High Sabbath’ in KJV) = the 7th day of the week (Sabbath) when the Matzah Festival began.

    I’m not sure what you are trying to prove and to argue in your article. Are you trying to tell us Yeshua died an Nisan 15? The named days of the week is alien to the Scripture and should not be mixed up with the numbered days of the week. Saturday is not same as 7th day (it might coincide on some years). Sabbath is on the seventh day of a full week and always on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th day of the lunar month in the Scripture-based luni-solar calendar. Sabbath-rest is only during daytime.

    Please note that a day begins at sunrise with ‘day’ meaning both ‘day time’ (in contrast to ‘night’) and a ‘calendar day’ (of 24 hours). The Scripture never says a day begins at sunrise – never. Jewish people got such a strange idea of sunset-to-sunset as a day century and after century. May Elohim have mercy on their confused mind and intellect.

    FYI – please find uploaded at http://tiny.cc/bostonreaders for the files “Supplement – Calendar Systems and Passion Week Timeline” (which is an attachment to any of Gospel translation PDF files) and “The Last Week of the Messiah – A Timeline” (a new version v.5). New versions are to be uploaded within a few days. The day of the crucifixion was C.E. 30, Apr-5 (Julian) = Apr-3 (proleptic Gregorian), Wed. Resurrection was on Nisan 16, Apr-8 (Julian = Apr-6 Gregorian) at dawn Saturday. After ‘three day-times and three nights’. Also on the third day.

    Reply

    • 20130221.0925

      Yes, Oun Kwon, Nisan 14, 3790 (April 3, 30 AD) was a Wednesday but Jesus was neither crucified and died on this day nor on Nisan 15, 3790. The date when He was crucified and died was Av 30, 3760 (August 17, 1 BC), believe it or not. This date was revealed by a holy spirit to old listeners. When I first went to the Session Hall in 1983, I heard this from them. I only checked it if there is any truth in it in 1999. By 2003, I have proved it to be true and correct.

      He was in the tomb for three days and three nights. His disciples found the tomb empty on Monday, Elul 4, 3760 (August 21, 1 BC) after their Sabbath on Sunday.

      Reply

      • Now I can see what you are driving at. Revealed by a holy spirit? You mean the Scripture is not enough to reveal us truths? Mercy on me. What is it written up and where and why YOU did prove it? Thanks.

  3. One correction I have to make – it is more likely that Abib 14 (Nisan 15) of CE 30, the day of His crucifixion falls on Thursday of Julian-Gregorian calendar which makes the resurrection on dawn of Sunday. This is in contrast to the so-called Wednesday crucifixion scenario, which also claims of Saturday evening resurrection on the base of their faulty interpretation of ‘three days and three nights in the heart of the earth’ (Mt 12:40), which you also mentioned. The phrase ‘heart of the earth’ is not a figurative of a tomb or grave, but very common expression in the ancient times to signify the city of Jerusalem (navel or center of the world).

    If Yeshua did not come to die on the day of Passover, He would not be our Passover lamb to die. God’s salvation plan will go nowhere.

    I have put an attachment to the four Gospels in IRENT translation series, reworked and expanded, now with a title of ‘Clarifying the Passion Week Chronology’.

    Reply

    • 20130712.0925
      Which is which? Are you saying that Abib 14 is the same as Nisan 15?

      The Jewish calendar starts the day at sundown. So, on Nisan 14, AD 30, a Wednesday, Jesus ate the Passover Meal with his disciples. They went to the Garden of Gethsemane afterwards and was arrested there. Then He was tried and by about 3pm, He died by crucifixion. So crucifixion was on Nisan 14, AD 30 yet. But was Jesus crucified on this date? The Holy Spirit said that Jesus was crucified and died on August 17 which I found to be true and correct. The year? Believe it or not, 1 BC. The results are at http://aristean.org/crucifyidx.htm .

      Reply

  4. Posted by John Adams on 2013-11-11 at 6:46 pm

    To answer you question about why didn’t those with the spices go after they prepared them and wait until Sunday….the first Sabbath was Thursday, as you point out. Jesus was crucified and buried Wednesday (the day of preparation as Scripture says) before sundown. That of course is when the “High Day” (as John puts it) so the spices weren’t purchased until sometime after sundown Thursday and sundown Friday….they were going out to prepare the body but the sabbath had come (Friday sundown-the weekly sabbath) so they had to wait until after Saturday (sundown)…they simply waited until it was close to the break of day to see better.

    Reply

    • 20131112T0600
      @John Adams

      You say, the spices were purchased between sundown Thursday and sundown Friday. Not until sundown Friday but noon of Friday only. Why not the whole day? Because Friday is preparation day for the Saturday Sabbath. Shop closed at about noon.

      So they purchased the spices on Friday morning. Could they have gone to the tomb after purchasing the spices? Why wait until Sunday to go to the tomb? Sunday is the fourth day after crucifixion. After four days, as Martha (sister of Lazarus) said to Jesus in John 11:39, “by this time he [Lazarus] stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.”

      So your argument of a Wednesday crucifixion does not hold water.

      Reply

      • Posted by John Adams on 2013-11-12 at 1:21 pm

        We are talking about two Sabbaths….the annual and the weekly.

        When the Sabbath (Feast of Unleavened Bread-Thursday, or Wednesday at sundown to Thursday at sundown) was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, so that they might come and anoint Him. Mark 16:1

        Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath (Saturday or Friday at sundown to Saturday at sundown) they rested according to the commandment. Luke 23:56

        You can’t have it both ways. Scripture they couldn’t have both bought the spices after the Sabbath and prepared them before the SAME Sabbath.

        Sunday is the fourth day but you are assuming He was still in the grave Sunday. Wednesday night to Thursday night is ONE. Thursday night to Friday night is TWO and Friday night to Saturday night is THREE days.

        My contention is he was resurrected on the weekly Sabbath (Saturday) and fulfilled Jesus’ prophecy, His body did not decay and the TWO Sabbaths referred to in Mark and Luke make more more sense.

        NOWHERE is Scripture does it say Jesus resurrected on Sunday….nowhere.

        I take Jesus at his word, “Three days AND three nights.” Just because it can be idiomatic doesn’t mean it has to be. We have no problem believing Scripture when it says Jonah was in the body of a sea creature (whale, monster,whatever) for 40 days AND nights and that Jesus fasted for forty days AND forty nights, but we can’t accept Jesus’ three days and three nights.

        So you see, shops closing at noon withstanding, Scripture said they did approach the grave site until after the Sabbath (Saturday) had passed. I assume it was because the women were meticulous about preparing the spices for the Lord and that took some time.

        Regardless, my Wednesday crucifixion does hold water.

        Thank you for taking time to read this.

  5. 20131115T0715

    I suggest, you tabulate your argument like in Table 3 of http://aristean.org/jesuscrucify1.htm for clarity.

    Not “two Sabbaths….the annual and the weekly” but three consecutive sabbath days—the monthly Sabbath (New Moon Festival), the weekly Saturday Sabbath, and the Sabbath of the followers of Jesus. Did you know that Mark 16:1 is singular and Luke 23:56 is plural? Ask the Greeks about this. Here is Mark 16:1, “And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.” And here is Luke 23:56, “And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.”

    You mean that Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices on Friday (Thursday at sundown to Friday at sundown), am I correct? Remember, the shops are opened only in the morning as it is preparation day of next day’s Sabbath day. You say that after buying the spices, “then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes” … “because the women were meticulous about preparing the spices for the Lord and that took some time.” John 19:39-40 state, “And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound weight. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.”

    Jesus was not in the body of “a sea creature (whale, monster,whatever) for 40 days and that Jesus fasted for forty days AND forty nights”. This is Matthew 12:40, “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” It does not mention the “40 days AND forty nights”, just “three days and three nights”.

    Reply

  6. Posted by John Adams on 2013-11-19 at 8:53 pm

    Obviously I am not making my points clear. Let me try one last time as your reasoning has nothing to do at all with the argument I present.

    Wednesday is the day of Preparation….there is only one such day and it is at the start of Passover. There is no preparation day for the weekly Sabbath.

    Jesus is crucified on Wednesday and His body is hurriedly placed into the tomb because the Sabbath was approaching. John called this a “high day” which is a reference only to the annual Sabbath. This Sabbath, which begins on Wednesday at sunset and lasts until Thursday at sunset is this High Day Passover Sabbath.

    The women had to wait until this High Day Passover Sabbath was passed.

    Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. Mark 16:1.

    Agreed? They bought the spices after the Sabbath. I contend this was sometime between sundown Thursday (after the High Day Passover Sabbath) had past which confirms Mark 16:1…”the Sabbath was past”

    Using your reference to shops only being open in the only Friday morning because it was the day of preparation is valid if, as you obviously do, Christ was crucified on Friday. My contention is the Day of Preparation was Wednesday. Other wise you have to ask the question what does Luke 23:56 mean when it says:

    Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

    Returned from what….well what did they do when they returned? It implies they waited until the Passover has past….went to buy spices and fragrant oils….they returned and prepared them just as Luke said. Now they are ready to prepare the body of Jesus but they can’t. Why? Because they had “rest on the Sabbath according to the commandment.” That is the weekly Sabbath Friday night at sundown until Saturday night at sundown.

    Now how do you reconcile Mark saying they didn’t even have the spices before the Sabbath and Luke saying the prepared the spices and had to wait until after the Sabbath to prepare the body?

    Now to another point about 40 days and 40 nights. Please read carefully what I asked. My point is this-why is it we can accept 40 days AND 40 nights (both days and nights) when the Bible says (in the cases of Noah and Jesus fasting) but we can NOT accept Jesus prophecy that he would be buried for three days AND three nights? Why can’t we accept Jesus at his word?

    If Jesus only meant three days and that can be reconciled with parts of days being counted as entire days, then why didn’t He simply say “Three days?” He didn’t, he said Just as Jonah….here putting it as emphatically as he could, citing a Biblical example we all understand….was in the belly of a whale for THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS, so I TOO will be in the earth for THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS. This is not idiomatic….this is emphatic. This is Jesus giving a prophecy which I for one feel was fulfilled. If you can get three days and THREE NIGHTS from Friday to Sunday morning, and show me how that adds up, I will be willing to reconsider….if you can’t then you make Jesus out to be a liar.

    Now to you point of three Sabbaths….show me where it is declared the New Moon is a Sabbath, other than those times it will fall on one of the seven annual Sabbaths or on Saturday. I don’t believe you can….not from Scripture.

    I agree there were festivals and celebrating each New Moon…..but never, never is it termed Sabbath in Scripture. Leviticus is very clear about the seven annual Sabbaths and the weekly Sabbaths…..new moon is clearly not among them.

    And I have to admit during all of the years of study and research on this subject, I have never heard of the “Sabbath of the followers of Jesus.” Just exactly is that?

    Reply

  7. 20131130T2000

    This is what you say:
    Part of day Jewish DOW Event
    SS-MN Wed Preparation Day for next day’s high day Sabbath
    MN-SR Wed
    SR-NN Wed Shops open
    NN-SS Wed Shops closed; Jesus crucified
    SS-MN Thu High day Sabbath; first nighttime in sepulcher
    MN-SR Thu High day Sabbath; first nighttime in sepulcher
    SR-NN Thu High day Sabbath; first daytime in sepulcher
    NN-SS Thu High day Sabbath; first daytime in sepulcher
    SS-MN Fri Preparation Day for next day’s weekly Sabbath; second nighttime in sepulcher
    MN-SR Fri Second nighttime in sepulcher
    SR-NN Fri Shops open; Mary Magdalene, et al. bought spices; second daytime in sepulcher
    NN-SS Fri Shops closed; second daytime in sepulcher
    SS-MN Sat Weekly Sabbath; third nighttime in sepulcher
    MN-SR Sat Weekly Sabbath; third nighttime in sepulcher
    SR-NN Sat Weekly Sabbath; third daytime in sepulcher
    NN-SS Sat Weekly Sabbath; third daytime in sepulcher
    SS-MN Sun
    MN-SR Sun Discovery of empty tomb

    You say that that Wednesday was Preparation Day for “the start of Passover”. So this was Nisan 14. Tell me, which years during the time of Jesus do you think was a Wednesday?

    You say that Mary Magdalene, et al. bought spices as stated in Mark 16:1. So this was Nisan 16. This must be Friday morning. My questions: why did they not go to the tomb that Friday daytime when Jesus was only in his second day of crucifixion? Why wait until Sunday, which is already the fourth day since His crucifixion? Ask a Greek for the New Testament in Greek whether Luke 23:56 and Mark 16:1 are plural or singular?

    My contention is that Jesus was crucified on Thursday and there there were three consecutive Sabbath days: the high day Sabbath, the weekly Saturday Sabbath, and the Sabbath of the followers of Jesus. And it was after their Sunday Sabbath that they bought the spices. This is the only window of opportunity for them to do it. And since it was dark already after buying the spices, they came to the tomb very early the next day, Monday, the first day of the week of the followers of Jesus.

    You are thinking that the high days apply only to the annual festivals. It applies also to the monthly New Moon Festival. Please read Amos 8:5. Please read Numbers 28:11-15 of what have to be prepared during the New Moon Festival. They are even greater than those for the weekly Saturday Sabbath.

    Reply

  8. Posted by Generoso Q. Domingo on 2016-01-12 at 7:21 pm

    No, not even on Friday! Jesus Christ died on Thursday, around 3:00 P.M. ( Nissan 14 ). Please read and carefully study the Gospels and you will know the Truth!
    Nissan 14 (Wed) Passover (1st day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread) Christ and His 12 apostles eat the Passover Dinner commonly called the Last Supper. On that night Judas betrayed our Lord with a kiss …on Thursday, sunrise to sunset, it is still Nissan 14 in Hebrew Calendar when Jesus died.

    Reply

    • Passover is not a holiday. The first and last days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are. Together, Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is called Passover Festival. The Jews start their day at sundown and ends at sundown the following day. When is Nisan 14? Please cite year also.

      Reply

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