Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?

WP 091

WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED ON A FRIDAY?©

ARISTEO CANLAS FERNANDO
Peace Crusader and Echo of the Holy Spirit

 

Presently, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is observed on a Friday, called Good Friday, and His tomb was found empty on Sunday morning, called Easter.  Are these correct?

To check whether Jesus was crucified on a Friday or not, let us list down the criteria we will use based on the Holy Bible (1-4) and on tradition which are logical (5-7):
1.  Day after crucifixion was a high day and a Sabbath (John 19:31).
2.  Jesus was in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:39-41).
3.  The tomb was discovered empty on the first day of the week (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1).
4.  Mary Magdalene et al. bought sweet spices for the anointing of Jesus after a Sabbath (Mark 16:1).
5.  Shops were closed on a Sabbath day.
6.  On the day before a Sabbath called Preparation Day, shops were open only in the morning.  In the afternoon, the Jews prepare for the Sabbath that would start when the sun has set.
7.  In winter, shops were open from sunrise to sunset.  However, in summer when it is hot in the afternoon, shops were open from sunrise to noon, and from about 3 to 4pm until about 30 minutes to one hour after the sun has set.

A Jewish day starts at sunset and ends at sunset the next day.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the first night and first day that Jesus was in the tomb would be Saturday; second night and second day would be Sunday, and third night and third day would be Monday.  But a Friday crucifixion and Sunday discovery of empty tomb would only be two nights and one day (Saturday night and Saturday day, and Sunday night).  A Friday crucifixion already fails based on criterion 2.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, it was Preparation Day for next day Sabbath Day.  The next day was the regular weekly Saturday Sabbath Day, and the shops were closed.  But was this Sabbath a high day?  If Jesus was crucified on Nisan 14, was Nisan 15 a Saturday?  Nisan 15 was supposed to be the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which is a high day.  What year was Nisan 15?  Let us see what Nisan 15 was from AD 30 to AD 36 using the calendar converter at http://www.hebrewcalendar.net/htdocs/main.en.html .  Nisan 15, 3790 AM is equal to April 3, 30 AD which was a Thursday; Nisan 15, 3791 AM, March 24, 31 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3792 AM, April 12, 32 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3793 AM, April 1, 33 AD, Saturday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, March 20, 34 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3795 AM, April 9, 35 AD, Tuesday; Nisan 15, 3796 AM, March 28, 36 AD, Saturday.  The years when Nisan 15 was Saturday were on 33 AD and 36 AD.  AM is the Latin abbreviation for anno mundi or in the year of the world, in the Jewish calendar.  AD is the Latin abbreviation for anno Domini or in the year of our Lord, in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the fourth day when the tomb was discovered empty would be Tuesday.  Is Tuesday the first day of the week?  No, it is neither in the Jewish calendar nor in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.  Hence, based on criterion 3, a Friday crucifixion fails.

If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, the shops were open on the second day (Sunday) and third day (Monday).  Criterion 4 is met because Sunday is after the Sabbath and is the first day of the week in the Jewish calendar and Mary Magdalene et al. could have bought the sweet spices.  After buying the sweet spices, they could have proceeded to the tomb to anoint Jesus.  Why then did the disciples of Jesus had to wait until Tuesday, the fourth day, to go very early to the tomb?  As Martha, the sister of Lazarus, told Jesus when He asked to take away the stone covering the grave of his brother in John 11:39, “Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.”  Since Sunday is just the second day, this fails based on criterion 2.

The third day, Monday, fails because Sunday was not a Sabbath Day based on criterion 4.  Another is that Monday is not the first day of the week to the Jews (criterion 3).

The verdict:  the argument that Jesus was crucified on a Friday fails.

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2012-04-25
2012-04-26
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Copyright © 2012 Aristeo Canlas Fernando
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